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Showing 6 results for Taheri

Foroud Salehi, Arman Kocharian, Mohamad Ali Navabi, Mohammad Mehdi Hassanzadeh Taheri,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (September 2014)
Abstract

 

Rhabdomyomata are probably the most common tumors that occur very rarely during infancy. In this paper, we report the case of a 49-day-old infant who was diagnosed by echocardiography examination with left ventricle outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction caused by rhabdomyoma. The infant underwent surgical approach, and her mass was shaved. Finally, she was discharged from hospital in good general condition. Six-month follow-up after the operation did not show any obstruction.

 


Reza Abdi, Mohammad Mehdi Hassanzadeh Taheri,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (4-2015)
Abstract

 

     
Ewing's sarcoma is a relatively common malignant bone tumor that typically occurs in long bone diaphyses of adolescents and young adults of 10-30 years old. Often times, all Ewing's sarcoma of bone have radiographic abnormalities. Diagnosis is usually delayed and can be misdiagnosed as osteomyelitis. Bone to bone metastasis occurs, but soft tissue retro bulbar metastasis is rare. This article presents a 32-year-old man with Ewing's sarcoma of proximal tibial epiphysis, without any radiographic finding, that was treated as osteomyelitis and progressed as a retro bulbar mass.  
 

 


Mohammad Reza Mofatteh, Seddigheh Meghdadi, Gholamreza Sharifzadeh, , Mohammad Mehdi Hassanzadeh Taheri,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (10-2015)
Abstract

Introduction: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgeries all over the world and is performed by various methods. This study aimed to investigate the complications of bipolar electrocautery method of tonsillectomy.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 234 patients, 114 female and 120 male individuals. The mean age of the patients was 12.2±8.3 (min=3 and max=58.2) years. Some parameters including duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hemorrhage, severity of pain were measured 4 and 24 hours after operation. The data were analyzed by SPSS software (Version 15) using Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman tests. P values less than 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: In our study, the mean duration of surgery was 12.7±4.5 minutes, mean intraoperative blood loss was 36.6±10.8 ml, and postoperative hemorrhage was observed in 3.4 % of patients. The mean pain scores 4 hours after operation were 2.1±0.7 and 2.7±0.8 for age groups below and over 10 years old respectively, while these scores were 2.4±0.8 and 3.2±1 after 24 hours of operation for them respectively with the difference being significant (p < 0.05). Furthermore, duration of surgery correlated significantly with intraoperative blood loss (r=0.1 and P=0.01) and pain 4 hours after operation (r=0.1 and p=0.004).

Conclusions: In our study, mean intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hemorrhage, and duration of surgery were greater than what has been reported in the majority of previous studies.


Zahra Amouzeshi, Narges Soltani, Narjes Khatoon Taheri, Majid Zare Bidaki, Seyed Ali Reza Mousavi, - Manizhe Nasirizade, Farzaneh Safajou,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (2-2016)
Abstract

Introduction: The use of e-learning and computer-aided methods is rapidly on the rise in medical and nursing education. Therefore, given the conflicting findings and lack of systematic clinical trials on comparison of the effects of e-learning and traditional methods in nursing education, this study aimed to assess the effects of offline e-Learning on cognitive learning (levels of knowledge, comprehension, and application) in the Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances course among nursing students.

Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study with a two-group, post-test-only design. A total of 52 third-semester nursing students were selected by convenience sampling method. Course contents were presented during 6 weeks by lecture and question and answer (Q & A) in the traditional learning group and by offline e-Learning in the second group. Afterwards, the students’ cognitive learning (knowledge, comprehension, and application) was assessed using a 23-item questionnaire on Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances course. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS (version 16) using Mann-Whitney, t-test, Chi-square, Fisher's Exact Test, and analysis of two-way variance. The significant level was considered as P < 0.05.

Results: The mean score of cognitive learning was significantly higher in the traditional learning group (14.1±1.9) than in the e-learning group (12.4±2.2) (P=0.006). The difference was also significant in the domain of knowledge (P<0.001), but insignificant in comprehension (P=0.097) and application (P=0.892) domains.

Conclusions: According to the results, the method of teaching e-learning, alongside traditional teaching method is recommended.


Mohammad Reza Mofatteh, Forod Salehi, Mehran Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Doostabadi, Mohammad Mehdi Hassanzadeh Taheri,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (11-2017)
Abstract

Introduction: As the most anterior part of the face, the nose is more prone to trauma than other parts of the face, thereby making it the most common facial fracture site. Closed reduction has long been used as the standard treatment of the nasal fracture, which can be performed outpatiently or inpatiently. Bleeding due to the fracture can be minimized by adopting certain strategies before the realignment of the nasal fracture. One of these strategies is to use phenylephrine spray before surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of phenylephrine spray in closed reduction of nasal fractures.
Methods: A total number of 200 patients with nasal fracture – who were admitted to the ENT department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital in 2014 and 2015 – were incorporated in this clinical trial via simple randomization method. The patients were assigned into case and control groups. The case group received phenylephrine spray twice: 30 minutes before the surgery and before anesthesia. The control group did not receive phenylephrine spray. To evaluate the efficiency of the spray, data concerning intraoperative and postoperative bleeding, pain intensity, blood pressure, and the need for tampon in both groups were recorded. The data were compared in the SPSS software version 18 using T-test and Chi-Square test at a confidence level of 95%.
Results: The average age of the participants was 25.12±13.73 years and the majority were men (n=127; 63.5%). The mean systolic pressure of the patients in the case group was significantly higher than that of the patients in the control group (P=0.02). Furthermore, the bleeding volume during surgery in the cases was significantly lower than that of the controls (P=0.01). However, postoperative bleeding volume, pain intensity, and the need for tampon were not significantly different in the groups.
Conclusions: By reducing the intraoperative bleeding, phenylephrine spray can play an important role in decreasing the complications caused by surgery. However, it is not recommended for the patients with heart diseases because it increases systolic pressure.
Moslem Taheri Soodejani, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Mohammad Tabatabaei, Azimeh Ghaderi,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (2-2018)
Abstract

Introduction: Injuries are one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. According to the World Health Organization, injuries from traffic accidents cause 5 million deaths and hurt millions of people across the world every year. In this study, we attempted to examine various injuries in different groups in Shahrekord city.
Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study where data of accidents and injuries related to Shahrekord city during March 21, 2013, and March 20, 2015 (2 years in the Iranian calendar) were used. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 16) using Fisher’s exact test at the significant level was considered 0.0.5.
Results: The age-standardized incidence for all accidents and injuries showed that the highest incidence, after traffic accidents (468 cases per 100,000 people), are related to falls (51 cases per 100,000 people) and violence (48 cases per 100,000 people).
Conclusions: Accidents and injuries occur more among younger age groups and this increases the burden of disease as well as the economic and psychological damages to society.

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نشریه جراحی و تروما Journal of Surgery and Trauma
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