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Showing 3 results for Nikandish

Gholam Hossain Yaghoobi, Malihe Nikandish,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (3-2019)

  • We reported the case of a 9-year-old boy with a complete right blue iris and left brown iris. Other Ophthalmic examinations were normal except for the homonymous symmetrical pattern of nasal retinal hypopigmentation. The case had no systemic finding or positive family history. The present case was unique because the presentation of iris heterochromia did not follow Mendelian law and was not associated with any diseases or syndromes.

Malihe Nikandish, Atefeh Gholami,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (9-2019)

  • Introduction: Ultrasound biometric measurements have long been the gold standard in cataract surgery. In the course of time, optical biometry replaced ultrasonography as the standard technique for axial length measurements of the eyes. However, optical biometry is not accessible in some centers; therefore, the present study was carried out to evaluate the predictability of refractive outcomes following phacoemulsification using applanation ultrasound biometry.
  • Methods: In this prospective study, ocular biometry was performed using an applanation ultrasound. Thereafter, mean absolute error (MAE) and the percentage of eyes achieving postoperative refraction within 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 D of the predicted spherical equivalent were calculated for SRK/T IOL formulas through a temporal clear corneal incision 1 month after phacoemulsification.
  • Results: A number of 299 adult cataract patients (323 eyes in total) were enrolled. Absolute refractive mean error was obtained as 0.51±29 D 1 month after the surgery. In addition, 59.4% of the eyes achieved postoperative refraction of ±.5 D of the predicted value. Furthermore, 95.7 % of the eyes were found to be within ± 1.00 D.
  • Conclusions: Based on the results of the present study, refractive outcomes after phacoemulsification using applanation ultrasound biometry are comparable with international standards for good practice and outcomes. It is worthy to note that this method offers considerable advantages, such as a few measurement limitations, cost-effectiveness, and accessibility.

Seyed Abbas Hosseinirad, Malihe Nikandish, Armin Forghani,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2022)

  • Introduction: Blepharitis, chronic inflammation of the eyelid, is one of the most common eye diseases that involve eyelashes, parotid glands, and apocrine. The most important symptoms of blepharitis are burning and irritation of the eyes, which are more severe in the morning. Azithromycin 1% solution is a new therapeutic method for treating blepharitis, which has recently entered Iran. The purpose of this study was to compare the treatment of 1% azithromycin eye drops and erythromycin topical ointment on the symptoms and signs of blepharitis.
  • Method: In this clinical trial study, 98 patients with posterior blepharitis referred to the ophthalmology clinic of Razi Hospital in Birjand in 2020 and 2021 were studied based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were randomly divided into two groups receiving erythromycin and 1% azithromycin by the blocking method. A two-part questionnaire was completed for the patients before and after the intervention. In the first part of the questionnaire, the demographic information of the patients and the signs and symptoms of the disease, including the degree of dry eyes, redness and swelling of the eyes, itchy eyes, and in the second part, the standard Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire was completed by self-declaration. The SMTube test was also performed by the project manager for the patients. The intensity of color sensitivity was checked and recorded by an eye specialist. After collecting the data, they were entered into SPSS software )Version 18) and analyzed by independent T, Mann-Whitney, paired t, Chi-Square and Fisher's exact test at the significance level less than 5%.
  • Results: Out of a total of 98 patients, 52 patients (53.1%) were female. At the beginning of the study, there was no significant difference between the average OSDI index, staining intensity and SMTube, and at the end of the study, there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05).
  • Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, the efficacy of azithromycin eye drops in the patients was the same as the efficacy of topical erythromycin ointment in patients with posterior blepharitis.

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