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Showing 4 results for Angiography

Ahmad Amouzeshi, Forod Salehi, Hossein Ehsani, Somaye Jomefourjan, Mohammad Jani, Zahra Amouzeshi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (4-2021)

  • Introduction: One way of monitoring angiographic organ is the clinical examination that is dependent on the accuracy of the person performing it; Therefore, human error may be high and require frequent examination is at least 24 hours after angiography. Meanwhile, checking for arterial or intravenous blood gases due to the small size of the vein and the arteries in children is difficult, unlike adults is difficult and requires skill and mastery in the field of venipuncture. Therefore, it is advisable to use simpler and less costly methods such as pulse oximeters to monitor organs that are more accurate and comfortable for the staff and patient. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare post angiography pulse oximetry and physical exam in cardiac congenital of pediatric patients.
  • Methods: This study was conducted with 45 patients with congenital heart disease undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic angiography. They were selected by convenience sampling method from among patients referring to the angiography department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital in Birjand, Iran, in 2016. Trained personnel performed the clinical examinations, including temperature, colour, and pulse check (dorsalis pedis and tibialis posterior) for both the angiographic and control organs. Pulse oximetry was also performed concurrently using the Massimo pulse oximeter for both organs and continued for up to 6 hours after angiography. Demographics form and patients' clinical records were used to collect data. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS software (V: 23) using the Kappa test.
  • Results: The agreement between the pulse oximetry of the angiographic and control organs was mild only at one, two, and six hours after angiography, and was moderate three hours after angiography (kappa=0.656 after three hours).
  • Conclusions: Although there was no clinical agreement between pulse oximetry and clinical examination, according to our findings pulse oximetry is more accurate, and given the results in the first one to two hours after angiography evaluation of organ is more sensitivity.

Lysanne van Silfhout, Wies van Leeuwen, Ellen F. Dannenberg, Dick M. Scharn,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (5-2022)

  • Ruptured internal iliac artery aneurysms (IIAA) are extremely rare, and the repair can be challenging. This case reports described an 83-year-old patient who presented at our Emergency Department with acute abdominal pain based on a ruptured IIAA. He refused open repair and only wanted to be treated as minimally invasive as possible. Therefore endovascular embolization of the IIAA was performed. Repeat angiography showed that the procedure was successful. Treatment of a ruptured IIAA by an emergency coiling procedure under local anesthesia has been shown to be effective in this reported case.

Reza Ghasemi, Mahmood Hosseinzadeh Maleki, Saeideh Imani Moghaddam, Fatemeh Ramezani, Hamid Hoseinikhah, Mohsen Yaghubi,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2022)

  • Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease in coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. This issue is more highlighted in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery after catheterization procedures.
  • Methods: This study was observational on participants who recourse to the heart clinics and candidates for coronary angiography, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. In the first, coronary angiography was performed, and so, if the patients had significant involvement of coronary arteries and had at least one inclusion criteria, for assessment of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), peripheral angiography through the femoral artery was performed. The statistical analysis was done by SPSS software (Version 16) and the data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics method, variance analysis, and Fisher's Exact Test. The level of significance was considered to be (0.05).
  • Results: Among all patients, there was no significant difference in the demographic variables such as gender (P= 0.497) and age (P= 0.069). The commonest peripheral artery involved in patients was the right femoral artery. A statistically significant relationship between gender and PAD was seen (P=0.001). There was no significant relationship between the type of involved coronary artery and gender (p=0.043; Fisher's Exact Test = 10.719).
  • Conclusion: More than one-third of participants with CAD had peripheral arterial involvement in iliofemoral arteries in this study. This situation increased the risk of complications in vascular blind catheterization. So, Improving PAD detection is crucial for more effective cardiovascular prevention and treatment.

Samaneh Kouzegaran, Homa Mozaffar Tizabi, Amir Sabertanha, Forod Salehi,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2022)

  • Introduction: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are diagnosed in ≈8 to 10 per 1,000 live births in the United States. This study aimed to determine the outcomes in children with congenital heart disease.
  • Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was conducted using the census method on all patients with a CHD who referred to the pediatric heart clinic in Valiasr Hospital, Birjand, Iran, and underwent heart operation during the desired period. The information contained in the patients' files was used to collect the required data. The rest of the information was gathered by calling the patients' parents. The collected data were analyzed in the SPSS-19 software using the Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. The significant level was considered at the p-value of ≤ 0.05.
  • Results: The results of the statistical analysis indicated that the type of intervention (i.e., operation, intrusion) had no statistically significant relationship with demographic indicators of gender, age by month, chromosomal abnormalities, the type of heart disease, and the development of children under-study; however, it showed a statistically significant relationship with the type of initial complaint. The rate of operation was significantly higher in the subjects, especially in those who had an initial complaint of murmurs. Based on the results, the age of children had a statistically significant relationship with the need for pacemakers and the amount of pleural effusion; these two outcomes increased significantly with the child's aging.
  • Conclusion: A large number of demographic and clinical factors were effective in children's postoperative outcomes. Consequently, by conducting further studies at a wider level and controlling variables it is possible to compare the findings, achieve more favorable results, and improve clinical indicators.

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