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Jalal Ahmadi, Abbas Hosseinirad, Hoda Dadgar, Mahmoud Ganjifard,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2017)

The case is a 2-year-old previously healthy girl with coincidental penetrating eye and brain injury. A metal rod was inserted into the skull through the upper border of the right globe. After admission and diagnostic and surgical approaches, the rod was removed under general anesthesia, and no brain hematoma or ocular and significant periocular injuries were detected. No neurologic and ophthalmologic signs and symptoms were observed during hospitalization, and follow-up brain CT was normal.
Hamidreza Alizadeh Otaghvar, Kobra Afsordeh, Mostafa Hosseini, Najva Mazhari, Masoud Dousti,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2020)

Introduction: Wound dehiscence is one of the serious complications of surgery that is associated with mortality and morbidity (about 45%); moreover, it increases medical costs. The present study assessed the incidence and predictors of wound dehiscence in trauma patients referred to Hazrat Rasool Akram Hospital.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all trauma patients with penetrating or non-penetrating abdominal wounds referred to Hazrat Rasool Akram Hospital within April 2017-March 2020. Patients were evaluated in two stages, three days after the surgery and one month later. The data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 19) using Fisher's exact tests, independent t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and chi-square test. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The present study included 154 patients with a mean age of 43.53±16.81(age range:16-91 years). Moreover, the majority of the cases were female (n=86; 55.8%). The wound of 20 (13%) patients did not heal. There was a significant relationship between male gender and wound dehiscence (P=0.013). The two groups did not differ in age, smoking, alcohol or opioid use, and the type of surgery. Nevertheless, wound dehiscence was significantly correlated with chemotherapy and the number of sessions. The number of hospitalization days was significantly higher in the group with wound dehiscence (P=0.001). Furthermore, wound dehiscence was closely correlated with low albumin, low hemoglobin, low hematocrit (leading to anemia), and high bilirubin (leading to jaundice).
 Conclusions: As evidenced by the obtained results, wound dehiscence was significantly correlated with gender, low albumin, low hemoglobin, low hematocrit, bilirubin elevation, steroid usage, and chemotherapy history.

Mohammad Reza Fathi,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2022)

  • In traumatic brain injury many objects may enter the cranium, if these injuries are associated with the entry of contaminated foreign bodies into the brain; they can cause more damage and complications. This is a case report of such patients with different aspects of treatment. We reported a case followed motor accident suffered dirty large scalp lacerations, multiple linear and depressed skull fractures, and exposure to dura matter, pneumocephalus, and many sands and soil under the cranium. Several therapeutic actions were done including adequate irrigation, administration of Prophylactic antimicrobial and anticonvulsant therapy, and early surgical intervention. The Patient did not show any signs or symptoms of infections or other complications during the hospitalization period and he had a favorable 10-month follow-up period. We concluded in penetrating brain injury with contaminated foreign bodies, adequate irrigation and early administration of prophylactic antibiotic therapy and antiepileptic agents associated with early neurosurgical intervention can be helpful in complications prevention.

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