Volume 10, Issue 3 (7-2022)                   J Surg Trauma 2022, 10(3): 114-121 | Back to browse issues page

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Javadi A, Amouzeshi A, Barani F. The role of self-efficacy beliefs in positive and negative perception of stress in coronary artery bypass patients. J Surg Trauma 2022; 10 (3) :114-121
URL: http://jsurgery.bums.ac.ir/article-1-280-en.html
MSc in General Psychology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (688 Views)
Introduction: Evaluating self-efficacy beliefs is essential to the post-operative care program in cardiovascular bypass patients. The present study aimed to investigate the role of self-efficacy beliefs in positive and negative perceptions of stress in coronary artery bypass patients.
Methods: The research method was descriptive-analytic, and its population consisted of patients with coronary artery bypass who were referred to the education and treatment specialist center of Vali-e-Asr Hospital, Birjand, Iran, in 2016. The available sampling method was applied, and 229 patients were selected. Data were collected using questionnaires of Zand's self-efficacy beliefs and Cohen's perceived stress. The data were then analyzed by SPSS (Version-23) using the Pearson correlation test, stepwise regression, and independent-sample t-test.
Results: The findings showed a significant correlation between the variables of research. Among the components of self-efficacy beliefs, physical activity predicted a positive perception of stress (R=0.274). Moreover, physical activity and psychosocial stresses could predict negative perceptions of stress. The negative perception of stress and self-efficacy beliefs were significantly different between male and female patients (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings, physical activity, as one of the dimensions of self-efficacy beliefs, has a positive effect on the perception of stress. Therefore, self-efficacy beliefs are valuable tools for health care providers and staff. Furthermore, evaluating patients' self-efficacy beliefs and improvements can increase their motivation to take care of themselves.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational
Received: 2021/06/12 | Accepted: 2022/06/28 | ePublished ahead of print: 2022/07/3 | Published: 2022/07/28 | ePublished: 2022/07/28

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