Volume 11, Issue 3 (12-2023)                   J Surg Trauma 2023, 11(3): 118-126 | Back to browse issues page

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Torabi E, Mirzaei R, Heydari A, Jarrahi Feeriz J. Explaining the role of physical components of architecture in medical centers on the reduction of stress in patients before surgery. J Surg Trauma 2023; 11 (3) :118-126
URL: http://jsurgery.bums.ac.ir/article-1-393-en.html
Assistant Professor of Department of Art and Architecture, Birjand Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran
Abstract:   (206 Views)
  • Introduction: Environmental physical factors affecting the treatment process of patients generally include light and color of the environment, design of treatment centers, sound intensity, quality of temperature, and ventilation. The present study aims to identify the physical components of the architecture of medical environments and then explain the role of each in reducing patients' stress and making the health centers more efficient in Birjand.
  • Methods: This research was conducted based on a descriptive-analytical approach. The study population consisted of candidates for surgery at Razi Hospital and Imam Reza Hospital in Birjand in 2022. Using Cochran's formula, each group included 93 patients, resulting in a total participant size of 186 patients. Simple random sampling without replacement was employed as the sampling method. Data was collected using a research questionnaire. To analyze the impact of each of the physical components on the reduction of patients' stress, the Smart PLS3 software was utilized.
  • Results: Two dimensions of physical and subjective components which themselves include social components of space and semantic components were extracted by reducing stress. It was found that in physical components with the coefficient of 0.579 and mental components with the coefficient of 0.515, respectively, had the greatest effect on reducing stress in patients.
  • Conclusion: The most important aspects of the research were found in sensory components, which include layout, light, sound, temperature, ventilation, and smell. Therefore, it is suggested to focus on the sensory components of space with the approach of reducing patient stress in medical centers.
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Type of Study: Other | Subject: General
Received: 2023/07/17 | Accepted: 2023/12/10 | ePublished ahead of print: 2024/03/11 | Published: 2024/03/12 | ePublished: 2024/03/12

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